Steven E. Runge: Discourse Grammar of the Greek New Testament



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Features in the text By markedness Runge means the already emphatic and central features in the text which have been marked out as such by ways of atypical structuring etc Runge makes sure that he bores the reader by emphasizing over and over that markedness does not create emphasis it simply draws attention to itBest part Reading texts and noticing the markedness does not reuire adopting either the DA method or the languageBut Runge seems to think it is all or nothing I was not always convinced about the cash value of the DA explanation compared to the traditional explanations These two were unnecessarily juxtaposed at least the structuring suggests that once grammarians thought this but now we offer a corrective By we I refer to the fact that Runge s work shows enormous indebtedness to Levinsohn Discourse Features of New Testament Greek A Coursebook on the Information Structure of New Testament Greek 2nd Edition which he does not try to hideOne of the biggest hindrances for adopting the DA as a method of exegesis is the new technical language with symbols and everything Runge introduces new term left dislocation and lists the various terms other scholars have defined the same featurephenomenon1 cleft construction2 hanging nominative3 pendent nominative nominative pendens4 casus pendens5 independent nominative6 And Runge now adds one 287The reading experience was uite fast Runge writes clearly but the text is slightly repetitive and has too many examples to my liking These were probably intentional devices to really drive home the point because the book has two audiences those experienced in Greek and those either just starting or those who have learned Greek back in the day but have forgotten most I recommend this book to the first audience but not sure if to the second group because of all the technicalities reuired Note This opinion comes from someone who has learned Greek by using several different textbooks in two different languages and who is therefore sick to new terminology. Hat the text of the New Testament communicates filling a large gap in New Testament scholarship Each of the 18 chapters contains An introduction and overview for each discourse function A conventional explanation of that function in easy to understand language A complete discourse explanation Numerous examples of how that particular discourse function is used in the Greek New Testament A section of application Dozens of examples taken straight from the Lexham Discourse Greek New Testament Careful research with citation to both Greek grammars and linguistic literature Suggested reading list for continued learning and additional research.

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Nt to go deeper in their exegetical skills in the Greek New Testament to read this discourse grammar For a grammar this book was both delightfully easy to read and surprisingly useful Even after a few chapters my Greek reading felt like it had popped into 3D It may be thick and it may deploy a range of often unecessary new terminology and symbology but it is clear It takes the surprising features of Greek and explains them clear logical terms that make sense of the usage from within the language This is a total contrast compared to most intermediate grammars Take for instance Wallace s work on Syntax it multiplies category upon category and term upon term and these categories often have nothing to do with the actual syntax and are actually descriptions of the ways in which they might be translated into English Not so here Every feature is a real feature of the Greek language itself And not only the purpose of each form but the clear and logical reason behind its use is explained Language does not often seem rational Here it does And the result is that it is easy to grasp to remember and to see as you read It s certainly not a substitute for other intermediate grammars as it does something uite different But it is very good and much accessible than most Highly recommended This is an excellent discourse grammar for the Greek New Testament It helped me understand discourse concepts i This was very readable for a book on discourse grammar A good introduction to the subject and reference work for Greek students of various levels Runge s main point seems to be to argue against those who say that variations in the text are simply stylistic Runge s method underscores that nothing happens for stylistic reasons he does not talk about poems at all He argues instead that the breaking of the expected rules serve a rhetorical function of drawing attention to the central elements The absolutely best feature of this book is that it opens the eyes of the reader to pay close attention to the marked. Hat Runge gives primary attention to describing the tasks accomplished by each discourse feature This volume does not reinvent previous grammars or supplant previous work on the New Testament Instead Runge reviews clarifies and provides a unified description of each of the discourse features That makes it useful for beginning Greek students pastors and teachers as well as for advanced New Testament scholars looking for a volume which synthesizes the varied sub disciplines of New Testament discourse analysis With examples taken straight from the Lexham Discourse Greek New Testament this volume helps readers discover a great deal about

Although difficult in places this book focuses on the way that different grammatical constructions affect the meaning of a passage I found it very helpful and it has helped me to read the text in new ways This sucker is burly but if you want to move beyond the status of a second year Greek student who has nearly worn out his Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament you have to pick this up and learn the intricacies of higher level discourse Once the terminology for discoure and linguistics becomes familiar the value of a work like this becomes apparent very uickly Important work this book However I think it is meaningful for those of us who have cut our teeth w Wallace et al So much of Runge s approach is to show how he differs from the traditional approach I wonder how newer students not as familiar w Wallace and others will react or appreciate this book Runge applies the discipline of discourse analysis to the study of the syntax of Koine Greek His primary axiom is that choice implies meaning There are insights in this book that shift the interpretation of nuances in New Testament Greek and some insights that add a whole new level to understanding the text An excellent companion to Wallace s Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics Not everyone is interested in reading a grammar of the Greek NT I m interested than most and even I found it dry at times Overall though I got a lot of insights out of it that I would never have gotten otherwise This was a delightful read for someone who enjoys grammar and linguistics Though I ve read through this book as a whole it will be continually referenced while working with the text itself I d highly encourage anyone who is looking to go further in their exegetical capabilities Knowing syntax is important But this goes further than just syntax and makes the exegete ask uestions that seem to have been irrelevant before Also it makes one think through devices from a linguistic perspective I highly encourage those who wa. In Discourse Grammar of the Greek New Testament Steve Runge introduces a function based approach to language exploring New Testament Greek grammatical conventions based upon the discourse functions they accomplish Runge's approach has less to do with the specifics of language and to do with how humans are wired to process it The approach is cross linguistic Runge looks at how all languages operate before he focuses on Greek He examines linguistics in general to simplify the analytical process and explain how and why we communicate as we do leading to a accurate description of the Greek text The approach is also function based meaning