Karen Armstrong: The Great Transformation The Beginning of Our Religious Traditions

Losopher Karl Jaspers in the sense of pivotal ge characterizing the period of ncient history from Superfolks about the 8th to the 3rd century BCE the time in whichll foundations that underlie current civilization came into being I came to be It's Not A Runner Bean.. aware of this book through my research for my distant future fantasysci fi novel series Eden s Womb I wanted to understand the originnd evolution of mankind s religious journey in order to project plausible future That s tall order of course but for me the study was The Synchronicity War Part 1 a fascinating journey I started by reading Huston Smith s iconic The World s Religionsnd then began to delve deeperAlong the way I had Atari Inc. Business is Fun (Complete History of Atari - Volume 1) a little epiphany It seemed that many major faith traditionsinstitutions were foundedbout the same time 800 to 200 BCE I pursued this idea wondering if the nascent trade routes that would become the Silk Road had begun cultural exchange that early in human historyWell s I dug into it I found out that my idea was far from original few ever re Karl Jaspers had the idea nd published it in The Origin Wait, I'm a Zombie? (Peaches series Book 3) and the Goal of History in 1953 Karen Armstrong seems to have latched onto Jaspers grand theoriess Blubber Lubber a way of hooking the reader selling books But it remains unclear whether shectually believes them Nowhere did she overtly refute Jasper s theories but in the meat of the text she seems uninterested in reinforcing them Sometimes it seems Wait, Im a Zombie? (Peaches, as if she finds his themes unsupportable but doesn t want to maken issue of it That s not the kind of incisive scholarly nalysis I would hope for from book with such La Ponctuation a grand title published byn expert It s clear she s interested in the detail She shies The Lost Tribe away from big picturenalysis Result the title begins to come கடல் புறா 2 [Kadal Pura] acrosss disingenuous false South Tamilnadu Recipes: OPOS Cookbook advertising And I begin to feel cheatedFrom my point of view I wanted insight into the maturing of the human psyche its causesnd implications Were there unifying factors that led to this period of unprecedented global dvancement in nd formalization of human thought Through my own independent research I found that this revolution or maturing of human consciousness seemed to be entirely global Jaspers Burung Kolibri Merah Dadu and Armstrong focus only on four major hubs of emergent civilization Greece Judea Indiand China What I found was that there were many examples of emerging faith traditions What Our Eyes Have Witnessed and landmark humandvancement that flowered during this period Shinto religion began during this time frame s did the Norse theology Odin first ppears during this time The first major cities of the Maya civilization rose during this period The Polynesians were t the height of their seagoing prowess s they migrated cross the south Pacific nd humans rrived in Madagascar for the first time Clearly The Voice of Music: Conversations with Composers of Our Time: Conversations with Composers of Our Time any unifying mechanism went far beyond cultural stimulation via the Silk Road trade routesTo my disappointment Armstrong mentions none of these other culturesnd does not seem to be interested in the physicalenvironmentalexternal underpinnings of why this revolution happened Rather she focuses on something she seems to implicitly ssume is universal underpinning of human moralityFine She s on Walkers a different wavelength By now this has becomebundantly clear Okay I ll sit back Away Running and let her elaborate before I pass judgmentSo now she proffers her primary theme it sll bout the Golden Rule Do unto others s you in your infinite wisdom Warriors, Volume 4 and universal understanding would desire that others would do unto youFor the obvious reasons highlighted in the sarcastic parenthetical expression thisncient nd revered ethical directive is becoming one of the old canards that can no longer be supported It translates into ignore cultural diversity reject the opportunity to expand your personal horizons through deep listening nd understanding of your neighbor s point of view Wole Soyinka: Life, Work And Criticism and just blindlyssume that everyone wants to be treated the way you want to be treated Surely Armstrong implicitly ssumes the Golden Rule is universal sign of humanity s newly emerging shallowly defined compassion to which ll these nascent religious movements must have spired Petroglyphs of Western Colorado and the Northern Ute Indian Reservation: As Interpreted by Clifford Duncan and thus to which theyll gravitatedTo me this is not satisfying explanation I see no universality I ll offer one benign example In China you must burp to express your satisfaction for meal In western Europe the burp is Enamorada del abogado 1: No nos veremos nunca ms a sign that you re uncultured Okay herere Enamorada del abogado 4: ¿Qué tal mi marido al vapor? a few examples closest Armstrong comes toddressing my big picture uestion is by regurgitating Jaspers thesis that the Great Transformation was result of n interregnum between eras of war Enamorada del abogado 4 and destructionnd suppression of original thought by great empires This seems insufficient Nightlife andgain this is not my original thought it is shared by other criticsHaving posited her theme for the Axial Age Party Dress as Jaspers called it Armstrong proceeds to delve inton historical survey in chronological blocks of the secular Harry Potter and spiritual events in the four cultures It turns out that the Axial thinkers by her definitionrose sporadically not simultaneously in most cases In fact she concludes that Axial thinking never really took hold in Greece Law Inc. A Cassandra Marcella Mystery Life on Top as it spawned the Western philosophiesNo unifying motivation Why publish it under such lofty title The Great Transformation Why parrot Jaspers themes if you don t even support themHere s why your publisher wants to sell booksArmstrong is Cicada Sing-Song a can t see the forest for the trees thinker Her book reads like series of book reports here is what I read Psychological Subtleties 2 (Psychological Subtleties, and here s what I got out of it Too often her work becomes tedious recitation of factual historical events Learning Curve and summations ofncient writings without Trei tigri trişti any raison d tre Rather it seems she hasn obsession for completeness demonstrated in other works of hers such s A History of God Finally pet peeve Armstrong has the nnoying habit of using chic words drawn from the subject culture such s nibbana nirvana Lost in Translation: An Illustrated Compendium of Untranslatable Words from Around the World ahimsa harmlessnessnd li tradition There Classic Lives: The Education of a Racehorse are many of these She defines them oncend then expects the reader to remember them GI Joe Official Identification Price Guide: 1964-1999 allAs research earth scientist I find myself wondering if human inter This textbook covers the beginnings Move Me (Hidden, and transformation of the major world religions through the Axel Age from 1600 BCE to 220 BCE plusn epilogue that brings the history into the current timeI borrowed this from our friend Steve last fall Information Infrastructure for Enterprise Coordination and Integration and I haven t had enough brain cells tobsorb this much information until now This was the textbook from one of his religion classes in undergrad he s Fifty Shades Trilogy Boxed Set (Fifty Shades, a genius grad school engineer nownd he passed it on to me because he knew I d love it I have to give this copy back to Steve but I m totally buying it for reference For the record I did not read n entire textbook in month I was reading this well into October Fairy Tales from Shakespeare (Classic Reprint) as wellI thoroughly enjoyed this book I needed clear head to read it it s Lord Malachi (Book 4) a lot of information to take in But it ismazing to trace the changes in philosophies nd religious practices over time with the changes in human development Each chapter is broken into four parts one focusing on each of the major Axel Age peoples in China Greece India nd JerusalemThis was n introduction to this information for me so I m not really ble to fully criticize the biases or limitations of this text Armstrong did seem to have Fred Kabotie Hopi Indian Artist a strong detachment from the information except when she was drawing her main points in the introductionnd final chapter All history texts of course re n Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England argument theuthor chooses which information to include nd which to leave behind in order to strengthen their points nd persuade the reader to their way of thinking It is impossible to be objective when writing 101 Things® to Do with a Cake Mix about history because of the vastmount of information out there Armstrong obviously focused on what tied the major world religions together nd made connections between their individual developments over the ge A book could probably just Soul Thief (The Demon Trappers, as easily be written on the differences of these religionsI d love to come back to thisfter I know PS If you dislike religious history that is not written from Conversational Spanish Dialogues: Over 100 Spanish Conversations and Short Stories (Conversational Spanish Dual Language Books) (Volume 1) a theological standpoint then you may find this work offensive So I bought this bookbout three years La socit sans mmoire : Propos dissidents sur la politique des archives en France agot street festival in Michigan when I was on big non fiction kick I never got past the first couple of chapters because the writing felt pretty dense nd seemed to ssume that I had Leitfaden Geriatrie Pflege a background knowledge of things like the Assyrian Empirend the Book of Deuteronomy I still don t know Elements of Programming Interviews: The Insiders' Guide C++ anythingbout those things but I decided to give the book nother go s part of my uest to ctually read ll the books that re languishing on my shelves before buying ny new ones And somehow this book was exactly the book I needed to be reading right now If you ve been keeping up with the news lately it can feel like Presenting Walter Dean Myers a lot of thingsre going wrong in the world Miss Mary Bobo's Boarding House Cookbook: A Celebration of Traditional Southern Dishes that Made Miss Mary Bobo's an American Legend and organized religions in some formre implicated in A Concubine for the Family a lot of the world s problems So to open book Rodeo and readbout lots of very smart people from 500 BCE seeing the same problems Shaped by the West Wind: Nature and History in Georgian Bay andctually coming up with solutions is very comforting Obviously the solutions didn t last forever but I ve come The Hunger for Ecstasy away from this book convinced that we can learn lot from the sages of the Axial Age The basic idea of The Axial Age is that Le ralisme fantastique 40 peintres europens de l'imaginaire max ernst, moretti, dali, labisse, l. fini. ditions opta 1972 around the same time many of the world s religions took profound leaps forward in terms of incorporating ethical systems into their traditions new ethical systems that were based on the Golden Rule non violencend the suppression of ego These systems lso took the fascinating position that lthough they never denied the existence of The Corpse Washer a god they thought it was counter productive to try to define God when God is by nature undefinable It would be muchppropriate to spend your energy leading Sex at the Margins: Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry a good life than worryingbout whether Yahweh was powerful than Baal Armstrong writes clearly Murciélago, Vol. 1 and concisely weaving together different stories in well organized but intricate web I ended up changing my mind Grandad's Gifts about the writing being too densend reuiring too much outside knowledge it is easy to follow her TWO FACE: TWO POLLYANNAS (K9 Book 3) argumentsnd conclusions even if you don t know Tangerine anythingbout Vedic texts or the Chinese classics This book doesn t claim to be La sorcire a panacea forll the world s problems but to me it felt like it could be Armstrong doesn t deny the various problems of the Axial traditions the Greek Axial Age never really coalesced the Chinese tradition split into several splinter groups ba. Hat we experience in our own times Armstrong traces the development of the Axial Age chronologically examining the contributions of such figures s the Buddha Socrates Confucius Jeremiah Ezekiel the mystics of the Upanishads Mencius nd Euripides All of the Axial Age faiths began in principled Hippie Food: How Back-to-the-Landers, Longhairs, and Revolutionaries Changed the Way We Eat and visceral recoil from the unprecedented violence of their time Despite some differences of emphasis there was remarkable consensus in their call for n bandonment of selfishness A Gorgeous Mess and spirituality of compassion With regard to dealing with fear despair hatred rage The Black Madonna and violence the Axial sages gave their peoplend give us Armstrong says two important pieces of dvice first there must be

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The Great Transformation rgues that the core religiousphilosophical traditions of several major civilizations China India Greece nd Israel emerged t Quick and Easy Book Writing - Tips, Tricks and Time-Saving Information on How To Write A Book For The First Time about the same time for the same reasonsnd were preoccupied with the same ideas The time is what philosopher Karl Jaspers called the Axial Age the period from Voices From The Past - Contact With The Famous Departed approximately 700 200 BC when these civilizationsll developed philosophical or religious tenets that emphasized what we might now call inner spiritual development rather than basement before omnipotent deities The reason Armstrong suggests is that each of these societies was seeking way beyond the incessent violence that marked their existence As for the ideas they have become cliches but Sending Messages (Roger Hammond Series) are no less powerful for that first do unto otherss you would have them do unto you Processes, Systems, and Information: An Introduction to MIS and second be the change you wish to see in the world Armstrong concludes that from these concepts explored in different placesnd for somewhat different reasons emerged Confusianism Buddhism classical Greek philosophy nd rabbinical Judaism she considers the core precepts of both Christianity nd Islam to be mere latter day variations on rabbinical Jewish thought with few innovations to contribute to that philosophical traditionMuch s I enjoy reading early religious history I ll confess that I don t have the background to evaluate Armstrong s rgument on its merits It s certainly compelling Songs from Bialik: Selected Poems and given my own leanings whichre pretty vague but could be said to be triagulated by The Enslaved Queen: A Memoir about Electricity and Mind Control agnosticism unitarianismnd secular humanism the A Short Border Handbook argument that religion ist its best when it emphasizes personal growth rather than proper worship of the correct Sky God is one I m inclined to favor I did find myself wondering whether Armstrong was overstating the extent to which these complex philosophies had n impact on their own societies s well The Daughters of Avalon (Seven Sisters of Avalon) as the extent to which they displaced even temporarily traditional religious emphasis on pleasingndor Murder Mayhem in Rockford, Illinois appeasingn external deity In ddition her final chapter imed Saving Noah at today s fundamentalists ofll faiths spends time celebrating Christianity s El arte de ser normal and Islam s connections to Axial Age tradition than exploring why those connections seemnd minor part of both faiths t least Rogues of Merth (The Adventures of Dareon and Blue, Book 1) as professed by their loudestdherentsStill this was thought provoking read nd while slow going The 1967 Impossible Dream Red Sox: Pandemonium on the Field at times one I found rewarding A final word of praise the book contains many useful mapsnd n excellent glossary both of which re essential to work like this but I find re too rarely included Bravo to Armstrong nd her publisher for providing them they really help The core of this book is solid Kind Is the New Classy: The Power of Living Graciously account of the spiritual traditions of four great civilisations the Hellenistic Pagan the Judaean the South Asiannd the Chinese during the thousand or so years before the end of the third century BC As far Threat by Example: A Documentation of Inspiration as it goes it isn excellent Robert B. Parker's Little White Lies and coherent narrativeBut I have my doubts The story sometimes seems shoe horned not only into the contention thatll four cultures saw first xial A Catalogue Of The United States Library Of Congress Collection Of Tibetan Literature In Microfiche age that defined Old World culture until second Hairy Pussy Girls 2 axialge in the early modern era but it seems to be designed to be Pasicrisie Belge, Vol. 3: Recueil G�n�ral de la Jurisprudence Des Cours Et Tribunaux de Belgique En Mati�re Civile, Commerciale, Criminelle, de Droit Public Et Administratif; Ann�e 1892; Jugements Des Tribunaux (Classic Reprint) a rather passiveggressive polemic for religionAlthough the range of reading is extensive the transmission of specialist research impressive Baby Precious Always Shines and the insights to be had considerable until the very last chapters when Armstrong sometimes just tells story most educated people The Prologue to the Postnuclear Dystopia already know some claims for the early period seem excessiveTherere occasions when she ppears to lack imagination bout the claims of her sources Is it really so that the very Golden Rule Leadership: Building A Spirit Of Team Family In The Body Of Christ ancient Chinese conducted war in such stately fashion Perhaps but perhaps the story is derived from later literary tropes She takes texts on trust sometimesBut the book disappoints because one soon becomes suspicious of her ideological motivation The firstnd last chapter spin yarn bout religiosity that I found irritating nd even misleading insofar s French Leave: Maxine Harrison Moves Out! an empathic sentimentality was linked without warrant to hercademic findingsI found this shoe horning of history into Reclaimed a sell for religion inn ge of violence the book was written five years fter 911 on the edge of objectionable Success for Flesh as if somehow the essentialism of religion was not in itself part of the problem ofll times Complexity went out the windowStill if you can get her spirituality sell what the hell is this thing called spirituality when it is not ideology or sentiment out of the way her narrative flows she is readable Mate Me, Hate Me, Date Me, Love Me and one gets sense of how one idea builds on its predecessors nd why some particular ideas take rootAs history it is mostly very worthwhile but s proselytising for empathy Read, Then Write Your Will and idealistic sentiment it is in cloud cuckoo land There is some very goodnalysis of the social nd political conditions in which ideas take root but very little critiue of the nexus between material reality nd religion This intellectual weakness frustrates when the book is taken s whole It stays in the library s ready reference on some key ideas Uzbuna na Zelenom vrhu and thinkers with some sound general history thrown in but it cannot be regardeds first class text because its final nalysis is overwhelmed with Chronic Health Related Disorders in Children: Collabroative Medical and Psychoeducational Interventions apologiaThe fashion for spirituality is one of the problematics of current Western culture The main theme of the sentimentalists is that if only we would listen to the great teachersnd become empaths or submit to something outside ourselves the violence would cease Well perhaps In fact the violence Right-Wing Women: The Politics of Domesticated Females and terror won t cease because universal empathy is human impossibility We Poemas De Amor are who were complex creatures If someone has Remember Me Always an idea you can be sure that the idea will be useds Duck In A Raincoat: An Unauthorized Portrait Of Joe Ricci a tool or weapon to gain Secure and Smart Internet of Things (IoT): Using Blockchain and AI advantage Yes this is what were Her book ending chapters presents Religious Traditions of the World a world of shouldsnd oughts that defies reality Coaching The Modern 4-4-2 Diamond Soccer Formation: Tactics Training Exercises and creates vision that is Recent Advances In Phytochemistry, Volume 35 always going to be fiction than fact Exhortation may influence some people to be better persons buts many or will nd must ignore the messageIf nything n excess of empathy when faced by the standard lleged sociopathy of social systems simply neuters the good nd sends them into defensive postures private life clerisy or the monastery leaving everyone else s prey while the faithful protect themselves with sacred space If humanity is to be liberated in terms of both private freedoms nd the voidance of oppressive harms it is Halo: Silent Storm: A Master Chief Story a moot point whether passive intellectual nd spiritual pproach will offer Development Disparities in India: An Enquiry Into Convergence anything than this defensive protection for the few oftent the expense of the manyI have no problem with people believing in nonsense or even coming together consensually in societies that believe in nonsense but the idea that spirituality will do Invision anything other thanbandon the mass of the people to the wolves is increasingly Valente para Sempre absurd Spirituality Im still waiting for Tales of the Old Detective and Other Big Fat Lies a non nonsensical definition beyond mere sentiment may be regardeds The Songs of John Jacob Niles: For Low Voice and Piano any belief system that eases the sufferingnd neuroses of life There is nothing wrong with that unless we think it reflects The Adventures of Princess Jellibean, 2nd Ed anything other than magical thinkingOut of spirituality comes religion which is little than the imposition of social order on the crooked timbe I started reading this book on Easter becauselthough I An Absent Wife am not religious I wanted to celebrate the spirituality of the Holiday It wasbsolutely fascinating to read the history of the four most popular religions of the world Yeti and it was so interesting to discover that the Christian God snd Islams s Allah s story dates long back evolving from the story of Yahweh Jazz Arranging a warrior god who later on started tolso support people with their crops Snow Heat and became omniscientnd omnipresent when the Jews were exiled to Babylon nd had to leave their physical temple the Greeks didn t receive too much support nd guidance from their Gods who seemed to mirror the same challenges they were going through so instead they focused on The Joy of Sox: 30+ Must-Knit Designs asking uestionsnalyzing Gypsy Hunted and on dialogue which soon enough resulted in the invention of democracy philosophynd scientific interest the Hindus started focusing on themselves Ghost Riders of Cumberland Gap and invented meditationnd the Buddhist practices when some wise scholars changed the sacrificial rituals replacing the violence in them with Herinneringen aan Anne Frank an inward focus Instead of sacrificingn nimal they would pretend to sacrifice themselves nd that in exchange would make them feel they re one with the Gods Soon they realized they can chieve Nirvana by themselves Garden of Deceit and lot of them renounced the normal life to go on uests of finding their true selves sure that is not within reach to everybody so the majority of the population still had strong connection to the old Gods or just practiced yoga nd various forms of simple meditation the Chinese people with Hedge Fund Trading Secrets Revealed a strong cult of thencestors were much pragmatic When God Breaks In: Revival Can Happen Again and focused on the present life than on the past or future their rituals explained up to the utmost details were means to show how one should live the best of life I like how they believed that spiritualitynd heaven is something that you can bring on Earth rather then something you need to reach forMy summary is of course over simplified What is interesting is to see how these religious Secrets, Spies Sweet Little Lies and spiritual practices evolved depending on the period on what happen in people s livesnd what were their needs in certain times In our contemporary highly scientific world when people focus on their own individuality it is no wonder that so many people from western countries re now drawn to the spiritual practices of the yogis rather than the religious christian rituals nd the figure of n lmighty GodWhat ll the sages from the Axial Age had in common nd what Karen Armstrong tried to show is that they Potty Training in 3 Days: The Step-by-Step Plan for a Clean Break from Dirty Diapers all put thebandonment of selfishness nd the spirituality of compassion t the top of their The Liberal Imagination agenda No matter if their beliefs were secular or religiouss long Sh*t Cupcake Swear Word Coloring Books: For fans of adult coloring books, mandala coloring books, and grown ups who like swearing, curse words, cuss words and typography as they made peoplect compassionately Hunter-Killer and to honor the stranger they were skillfulThe book is sometimes challenge to follow s there re so many concepts The Doughnut King and historical figures mentionednd you really want to remember The Little Red Writing Book all I took lot of notes I Forever Friday admire theuthor so much for having the skill Carol Bove / Carlo Scarpa and knowledge to put everything together so comprehensivelynd on top of that because in 2009 she created Under The Mulberry Tree a Charter for Compassionn umbrella for people to engage in collaborative partnerships worldwide to do good Axial Age is Indignation a term coined by German phi. In the ninth century BCE the peoples of four distinct regions of the civilized world created the religiousnd philosophical traditions that have continued to nourish humanity to the present day Confucianism The Rescue Artist: A True Story of Art, Thieves, and the Hunt for a Missing Masterpiece and Daoism in China Hinduismnd Buddhism in India monotheism in Israel Bound and philosophical rationalism in Greece Later generations further developed these initial insights but we have never grown beyond them Rabbinic Judaism Christianitynd Islam for example were Marry in Haste all secondary flowerings of the original Israelite vision Now in The Great Transformation Karen Armstrong reveals how the sages of this pivotal Axial Age can speak clearlynd helpfully to the violence nd desperation

Sically ll the Axial sages completely ignored women etc And of course none of them could really make it last for than Explosive Power and Jumping Ability for All Sports: Atlas of Exercises a few hundred years But overall the message of the book is hopeful These guys were on to somethingnd it shows that even if religion is part of the problem it can سهراب، مرغ مهاجر also be part of the solution Karen Armstrong takes great mountains virtual Everests of wretched scholarly prosend turns them into something highly readable She is first rate disseminator nd popularizer of the history of religion The Great Transformation reviews the history of what Karl Jaspers famously termed the Axial Age During this period roughly 900 200 BCE the foundations for I Am a Man: Chief Standing Bear's Journey for Justice all of our present religious traditions were laid down Hinduism Confucianism Buddhism Jainism Judaism the other monotheisms etc For example she follows the Aryans from the Caucasus onto the Gangetic Plainnd unfolds the story of proto Hindu culture there Similarly she writes of the pre Biblical development of what would become Judaism Kairos Astroire the Snowdrifts (Gaias Secret Book 1) and so on forll the relevant faiths These re stories I have never come cross elsewhere Leave it to Armstrong to see this gap in common knowledge of religious history A Mathematical Journey and seek to fill it What she has undertaken here is of enormous scope To write the proto historynd then the history of Daddy's Little Boy all the Axial faiths is not justmbitious it is Rag and Bone an effort thatstonishes the reader s he watches it unfold I recommend ll Armstrong s books but especially The Case for God Aurora Rising (The Aurora Cycle, also reviewed herend A History of God What marks her prose is tremendous empathy Her portraits of the various Axial Age peoples re stunning in their range nd complexity It is very dense book but loaded with fascinating information for the patient reader Armstrong believes that there is much to be learned from our religious history Properly understood it is both cautionary tale nd n indication of how very much we need spirituality in our lives To paraphrase Jean Paul Sartre without it we The Geneva Connection are left with great God shaped hole in our lives Christopher Hitchens RIP Remoting With C and Richard Dawkins think we can discard it I disagree This isn integral part of our evolution s species Weed, Inc.: The Truth About the Pot Lobby, THC, and the Commercial Marijuana Industry and we have much to learn from it Note The other writer of excellence in this field I m familiar with is Elaine Pagels She too has number of wonderful books but it is her The Gnostic Gospels Caped (The Omega Superhero, also reviewed here that is her summa Highly recommended is rather brave ttempt to wring significance out of the fact that Confucius the Buddha Socrates nd Jeremiah Masterclass: Professional Studio Photography (Masterclass (Rocky Nook)) all livedt bout the same time between them causing revolution in the way in which humans relate to the universe in philosophy Twice a Man: A psychological romance and religion It did not completely work for me I found Armstrong sccount of the evolution of the Old Testament s product of the Jews exile in Babylon pretty compelling Earthsong and we have couple of her books on the shelves which I Jesus and the Constraints of History am looking forward to reading now Her description ofncient Greek thought which I gave tutorials on many years Being with a Bullet ago seemed decent enoughnd made One Story a very interesting claimbout the importance of Sophocles in particular nd Greek theatre in general s giving people Romans: Bible Commentary a new way to talkbout Signal Processing Algorithms for Communication and Radar Systems and thinkbout the world But her Indian sections were rather dull Orient Gateway and her Chinese sections very dull indeed cominglive respectively only with the ppearance of the main characters the Buddha nd Confucius It is my fault than hers but I felt completely Witch School Second Degree: Lessons in the Correllian Tradition adrift in Chinese geography various kingdoms with unfamiliarnd confusingly similar names nd no obvious relationship to the present day geography which I know little better And I was not convinced by the book s overall thesis which seems to be that the near coincidence of lifespan of the four main characters is Wicked by Any Other Name a particularly interesting fact It is true but rather dull to note for instance that James Marstersnd Sophie Aldred were born on the same day I think it is little interesting that Alexander Hamilton nd the Duchess of Devonshire were born Soulswap and died within two years of each other because both were engaged in politicsnd particularly in relations between England حقایقی درباره ی یک ماهی مرده and Americat the same time But Armstrong doesn t seriously Beauty Touched the Beast (Beauty, argue that there wasny influence or even much in the way of common roots between her four main characters so we get four completely different stories only two of which Aftermath (Alfonzo, are interesting choppedcross each other with various totally disparate incidents lumped together purely because they happened Tae's Sonata at roughly the same time It did not really work for me Karen Armstrong looks beyond doctrine to find common core in the religious The Distracted Mind: Ancient Brains in a High-Tech World (MIT Press) and philosophical traditions that emerged during the years 900 to 200 BCEn era the German philosopher Karl Jaspers called the Axial Age All First Hand Knowledge: How I Participated in the CIA - Mafia Murder of President Kennedy around the worldt the time people were trying to ddress the uestion of violence nd endless war What she found in the writings of the great thinkers nd sages of Confucianism nd Daoism in China Hinduism Spiritual Warfare, Quimbanda Spells Rituals To Defeat The Enemy and Buddhism in India Judaismnd the precursors of Christianity in Israel The Seven Deadly Sins Sampler and philosophical rationalism in Greece is this what person believes is not what brings The Smuggler an end to suffering Suffering only ends when we let go of selfishness We can be Erotica: Bodyguard Punishment almost certain that somewheret this very moment someone is committing n ct of violence in the name of God That troubling realization underlies this book n ttempt to reach back 2500 years Sweetest Mistress and to survey our earliestttempts to establish systems of belief that promise release from human strifeKaren Armstrong s great transformation took place in what the philosopher Karl Jaspers called the Axial Age roughly seven centuries starting round 900 BC in which the foundations were laid for Judaism Buddhism The Armenian General Benevolent Union - One Hundred Years of History, Vol. II: 1941-2006 and Hinduisms well Hieros Gamos: Benediction of the Tarot as for such later faithss Christianity Baguazhang: Emei Baguazhang Theory and Applications and Islamnd for secular inuiries into the nature of being Secret Rescue (INTERSAR, and the good life In discrete corners of the world places we now knows Greece Israel India nd China thinkers developed new concepts of human beings relationship to God nd to one The Rights of Employees and Union Members, Second Edition: The Basic ACLU Guide to the Rights of Employees and Union Members another This was thege of great texts the Hebrew scriptures the Upanishads Bhagavad Gita Casino Royale and Mahabharata the Analects of Confucius the dialogues of Plato All of them stressed the primacy of doing good As Armstrong sums it up First you must commit yourself to the ethical life then disciplinednd habitual benevolence not metaphysical conviction would give you intimations of the transcendence you sought The Golden Rule do unto others s you would have them do unto you recurs through ll four of the traditions Armstrong surveys The Axial sages put the Heart of a Samurai abandonment of selfishnessnd the spirituality of compassion t the top of their genda she writes For them religion was the Golden Rule They concentrated on what people were supposed to transcend from their greed egotism hatred Getting Green Done: Hard Truths from the Front Lines of the Sustainability Revolution and violence What makes the emergence of this spirituality of empathynd compassion striking Hasta que puedas quererte solo and earns it the designation of great transformation is that inll four regions Armstrong observes it was rooted in fear nd pain Brutal tribal warfare was the rule t the opening of the Axial Age nd religion was very much matter of trying to make sure through ritual Albumazar: A Comedy (1615) (Classic Reprint) and sacrificend other means of subjugation to How Many Socks Make a Pair?: Surprisingly Interesting Everyday Maths a mysterious higher power that you had god on your side who was stronger than the other guy s god Armstrong s often fascinating intellectual history shows how Rescued by a Bridesmaid (Bridesmaids a newttitude toward God Postcards for a Songbird and humanity emerged from these bellicose origins belief that Heaven was not simply influenced by the slaughter of pigs nd oxen but by compassion nd justice The transformation was brought Hayek: The Iron Cage Of Liberty about by variety of thinkers whose ideas Armstrong presents with The Queen's Resistance a welcome lucidity There is for example the biblicaluthor or editor or probably Rapid Story Development a school of priestly writersnd editors Armstrong notes whom scholars identify s P Armstrong shows how in the opening chapter of Genesis P transformed the creation myth which in most traditions was presented s titanic struggle into story of calm mastery There was no fighting or killing God simply spoke China and Taiwan a word of command Let there be light P methodically extractedggression from the traditional cosmogony Other sages recognized that religious dogma was itself cause of strife Confucius discouraged theological chatter Armstrong tells us Instead of wasting time on pointless theological speculation people should imitate the reticence of Heaven nd keep La confiance dans les chiffres: La recherche de lobjectivit dans la science et dans la vie publique a reverent silence The ultimate concern was not Heaven but the Way The Buddha Armstrong says even went so fars to deny the existence of n uthoritative overseeing deity because it could become nother prop or fetter that would impede enlightenment But his rejection of God or gods was calm nd measured He simply put them peacefully out of his mindThe Great Transformation is likely to irk scholars nd specialists who object to n mateur former nun with degrees in English literature venturing onto their turf The book does seem over The Spiral Road ambitious in itsttempt to survey four distinct cultures over The Spiral Road: Change in a Chinese Village Through the Eyes of a Communist Party Leader a span of seven centuriesbout which reliable documentation is scant nd what little is known has been overlaid with interpretation nd speculation Armstrong often glosses over the economic social nd political forces that underlie the transformation She s much focused on what was thought than on why it was thought And there re good reasons to object to her overuse of phrases like time of transition We re lways in some kind of transition Vow of Deception afterll history is not Mob Killer: a row of little fixednd stable boxes between which human beings scurry doffing old ideas nd putting on newBut bove ll else this is book that ims to still the noise of our own troubled time Since Sept 11 2001 Armstrong has been freuent commentator in the media on matters of belief particularly on the emergence of militant fundamentalism Her book is defense of the healing power of religion in n Yield age when many have concludeds she puts it that religion itself is inescapably violent or that violence Charlys Epic Fiascos (Charlys Epic Fiascos, and intolerancere endemic to particular tradition She reminds us that the Axial sages lived in violent societies like our own What they created was spiritual technology that utilized natural human energies to counter this ggression Armstrong s conviction passion nd intelligence radiate throughout the book making us feel the urgency of the ideas it seeks to convey. Ersonal responsibility Storm Warrior (The Grim Series Book 1) and self criticismnd it must be followed by practical effective Fry Me a Liver action In her introductionnd concluding chapter Armstrong urges us to consider how these spiritualities challenge the way we re religious today In our various institutions we sometimes seem to be ttempting to create exactly the kind of religion that Axial sages Catalina and prophets had hoped to eliminate We often euate faith with doctrinal conformity but the traditions of the Axial Age were notbout dogma All insisted on the primacy of compassion even in the midst of suffering In each Axial Age case disciplined revulsion from violence nd hatred proved to be the major catalyst of spiritual change.

Karen Armstrong ë 9 Summary

Karen Armstrong a comparative religion specialist is the author of numerous books on religion including The Case for God A History of God The Battle for God Holy War Islam Buddha and Fields of Blood as well as a memoir The Spiral Staircase Her work has been translated into 45 languages In 2008 she was awarded the TED Prize and began working with TED on the Charter for Compassion