EPUB Libro Las venas abiertas de América Latina Por Eduardo Galeano – cafe1919.org
This guy writes fiction likes it s non fiction and non fiction likes it s fiction He blends in and out better than anyone I know of What beauty what poetry what defiance what anger what celebration what satire what humour Sheer brilliance Oh and he does his research too Recommended related readings Pedagogy of the Oppressed Exterminate All the Brutes Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology The Wretched of the Earth Eduardo Galeano passionately recounts the horrific vents of the last 7 centuries in Latin America I am neither a history buff nor Latino insider so I discovered uite a bit I Am Simba even as I concurrently traveled andxperienced aspects of the region firsthand It should be noted however that the author applies no science or organization to his storytelling Facts are obviously molded for dramatic appeal handpicking specific dates Whats the Big Deal about Americans excerpts from JFK speechestc Footnotes are lacking for a staggering amount of uantitative data despite their couth and seemingly objective presentation Even as I read this book with a grain of salt I still found it powerful For if only a tenth of what is said were true it would still be a humanitarian story worth telling I hope to learn about these forgotten people of Latin America For the past month I have been collecting my thoughts and writing them out and putting them into paragraphs and shaping those paragraphs into a longer article of some sort But nothing has yet coalesced into a thing I would call a review or DK Findout! Birds even a passable reflection This book has left me with a complicated bundle of thoughts and they seem to still transcend the pleasant shaping of words and punctuation into sentences and sentences into paragraphs and paragraphs into something that communicates an appreciation of some piece of work But here I go again Back at the well feeling somehow obliged to make something good out of this scramble of thoughtsPart of my problem is that this book has me caught between three worlds that I have a hard time bringing together The first world is the social democrat and dedicated activist who is particularly concerned by the wrath ofconomic ineuality in the world and how it is perpetuated by capitalism The second world is that of the historian my field and the thing that I call my profession when I am asked what it is Un printemps Thran even if I make my money in other ways the thing which nourishes my understanding of the world the thing which gets mexcited and impassioned about the world The third world is that of the reader who hopes that a few nice words put together in the right nice order will produce something greater than the sum of its parts and that as a reader I will be able to recognize and appreciate and over The Witch’s Warning (Aberrations Book 2) enjoy the outcome This world hits all of those points I have so much to say But I must for the sake of time and for the sake of yours keep this short You have already read too much about meThis book when it was released was a firecracker It was bold in its scope nearly unthinkably audacious the sort of work which was hoping to set the world at unease And it succeeded In this work Galeano condemns centuries of pillaging from one of the grand great rich continents of the world for the benefit of another outside continent and its peoples Hexplains how that process was The Healing Power of Plants essential for the fundamental advancement of that other continent how it depended on the natural resources human resources and magical resources that were discovered on that new continent to make important technological and financial advancements In this book Galeanoxplores how that relationship changed and altered and became and possessive to the point where the And Another Thing... (Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, entire continent was itself a possession in the greatmpires of the North And in this book he was one of the first historians and perhaps the first to translate his ideas into a work produced for the public which connected the centuries of pillaging that resulted from European Empire to the contemporary problem of North American Empire in a logical and sensible and horrific progression of time and power That is over four hundred years of history covering an The Worst Witch Strikes Again entire continent and ofxploitation tossing in a bit of the history of two other continents as well and attempting to The Truth (Almost) about Bharat explain the driving narrative or challenge of millions upon millions of lives past and contemporary in the process And then it also talks about the contemporary issues of his own time When I said that this book was audacious I meant it It is unthinkably audacious And surprisingly it does all of this fairly well if not perfectly if not seamlessly it does it well That is because Galeano writes like a writer and not like a historian an at the time uniue ability and which has beenualled by few other people working in the field of studying and understanding the past He has a strong opinion about the past which is undeniable and refreshing in its way It is clear that for him as somebody with a historical mindset the past distant and near Mr. Christmas explains his life and the lives that he sees around him And we all have opinions about our lives of course and many of us develop opinions about the lives that we see around us as well be them informed or ignorant He has just taken thextra step of looking into the past lives which made his life what it was and found something there that informed and reinforced his frustration He also doesn t hide his opinion behind over written analysis and poorly constructed sentences as so many historians do and neither does he attempt to make the history any less personal than it has to be he isn t in Where My Heart Used to Beat essence attempting to be academic in his writing That said his research is uite impressive by semi academic standards well informed balanced and deeper than you wouldxpect from most any other history book which is written for the general public In the The Truth (Discworld, end Galeano s contentious presentation is vindicated by his research To thisnd Galeano is known as a historian poet or a poet historian That s a nice little niche that he managed to live in I think you will understand it when you read the book when you understand his language and feel the fire breathing passion that ignited its creationWhen I read this book I discovered and was reminded of a great many things about my life in Canada The wealth of my country is predicated on the poverty of other regions These regions have never benefitted from the protection of self development in uite the way that my own has and Canada and Canadian companies are actively working to Mr. Perfect ensure that those kinds ofconomic policies never develop and that the underdeveloped countries of the work remain underdeveloped And now that I live in Colombia and have been living here for nearly a year I can see it and feel it in the air The conseuences of a systematic Secret Suffragette effort by the powers of the world to strip away the richness of this continent its cultures its peoples in anffort to destabilize them politically financially and geographically and reap all of the benefits It is obvious 7 Secrets of the Goddess everywhere It is feltverywhere The English language does not communicate this or at least my command of the language doesn t You have to be here to see it and taste it the way that blood and Indianomix exploitation and desperation are built into a continent that is rich beyond all possible imagination which has had its veins tapped for centuries and which still finds itself muddied in the pools of underdevelopment The North as Galeano calls us fortunate ones has been a cruel mistress a wrestling partner who is infinitely stronger and its weight bears down on this place The North rather than this place winsveryday in My Favorite Earthling (Otherworldly Men, everyway possible The book isn t perfect But it doesn t need to be It is a leaping off point for anntire way of understanding the world a confirmation of things that I have imagined to be true that I have heard sailing in the air at universities and in the street and a great searing cry against the dehumanization of a continent because of the unfair distribution of international. Since its US debut a uarter century ago this brilliant text has set a new standard for historical scholarship of Latin America It is also an outstanding political conomy a social cultural narrative of the highest uality perhaps the finest description of primitive capital accumulation since Marx Rather than chronology geography or political successions Eduardo Galeano has organized the various facets of Latin American.
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Old unpleasant word to define it is in bad taste But when imperialism begins xalting its own virtues we should take a look in our pockets We find that the new model does not make its colonies prosperous although it An Officer and a Spy enriches their poles of development it does notase social and regional tensions but aggravates them it spreads poverty ven widely and concentrates wealth ven narrowly it pays wages twenty times lower than in Detroit and charges prices three times higher than in New York it takes over the internal market and the mainsprings of the productive apparatus it assumes proprietary rights to chart the course and fix the frontiers of progress it controls national credit and orients Recipe for Temptation (Madewood Brothers, external trade at its whim it denationalises not only industry but the profitsarned by industry it fosters the waste of resources by diverting a large part of the conomic surplus abroad it does not bring in capital for investment but takes it out Incredibly informative well researched and thought out book that provides context into how Latin America got to the state it is in today When Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez presented President Obama with a copy of Eduardo Galeano s Open Veins of Latin America during a summit meeting in 2009 the intellectually gouty noise machine of the bourgeoisie began to flap its collective jowls calling the gift an insult to America and Obama s acceptance of it a sign of his acuiescence to communist influences The truths contained in the gift were ssentially ignored by the right wind punditry because truth and history have no place in the circus of sound bite chicanery not when the mainstream media is little than a clown car of corporate maleficence whose acuiescence in the plunder and OBaby economic repression of Latin America continues unabated the media s boosting of NAFTA for instance is anxcellent Nerds example of imperialistic mechanisms at workOriginally published in thearly 70s Open Veins of Latin America is an Zack (Areion Fury MC elouently written vividxamination of five centuries of genocide theft and political interference by European and American Shadow on the Crown (The Emma of Normandy Trilogy, economic interests And while Galeano writes with passion and artistry his history is not the hysterical harangue the noise machine would have us believe The book is well researched and documented but Galeano s intensity and skill as a writer adds gravitas to the irrefutablevidence he presents a thing the noise machine cannot abide They fear his ContamiNation elouence but their attempt to invalidate the book through misdirection using the threadbare histrionics of anti communism failed Open Veins of Latin America is a powerful rejoinder to the stupidity and greed inherent in international corporatism both past and present Open Veins was a title in the Hugo Chavez Book Club the Venezuelan strongman surprised President Barrack Obama with a copy in 2009 Open Veins was written by a novelist in the vivid prose of a novel and the history takes many liberties making it like historic fiction On pg 283 author Galeano cited Chilean dictator Pinochet leaving 30000 dead which didn t ring true to my memory A uick check of Wikipedia shows various reports and investigations claim that between 1200 and 3200 people were killed That is Galeano s Open Veins in a nutshell taking various misfortunes and admitted outrages and then massivelyxaggerating themHow does one rate a book like this which suffers from Taxi ins Glück even a rudimentary understanding ofconomics g repeated assertions that individual corporations control prices which is only true of monopolies and lays very conceivable ill of Latin America at the doorstop of capitalism Europe the IMF the United States and Latin American liberal advocates of market Losing My Virginity and Other Dumb Ideas economies and free trade Score a 2 or 3 for Galeano writing in a lyrical way I think of this as a story rather than history The first part detailing thevils of colonialism and the European importation of millions of African slaves is its best The story goes downhill deep into 1 tierra as it drones on about American and British companies and the dictators they back supposedly destroying Latin America Hence Chavez s love of this book There is no attempt at balance Galeano gives individual names killed by a right wing military in Guatemala yet there is not one word about those killed by Che and Castro in Cuba This 1971 book and its 1978 update predate the worst of the Colombian FARC or the barbaric Communist Sendero Luminoso Shining Path rebellion that started in Peru in 1980 But the author has not a word about Leftist killings in Colombia Cuba Bolivia or anywhere The Magic Rolling Pin else I place this tale at 15 starsGaleano idolizes the Aztecs Maya and Incas They had their accomplishments indeed but they were warlike practiced human sacrifice andnslaved other tribes Cortez s and Pizzaro s tiny bands would have been forced into the sea if not for the ability to raise huge indigenous armies thirsty to overthrow Aztec and Incan hegemony Without uestion the Spanish Dutch Portuguese and English mistreated the native peop A fundamental book for understand the social Indecent... Exposure (Indecent, economicculturalscientific and politic condition of Latin AmericaA absolutely must to read forverybody in special all Latin America inhabitantsPerhaps somebody in a near future will write The Open Veins of Africa Two Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent An indispensable albeit controversial book to understand Latin America A work of impressive scope Not Without a Fight essentially the history of a whole continent Just not to confuse anyone about the ideological orientation of the author the book is printed at least in mydition with a nice red cover Now jokes aside some parts of the book are written in a rather loud tone which many will consider is borderline on propaganda but let me suggest to the adventurous reader to just ignore that and delve into the facts which are well researched and for which many references are given Yes many parts are controversial and Galeano freuently picks the interpretation that better fits his cause but so what This is not a PhD Thesis or the History as Set On Stone for a Future Alien Civilization Actually it defies classification as it is a mixture of Garden Bouquets and Beyond essay and journalism covering topics not only in history but also inconomics and sociology This is a dense book I found that I could only process a subchapter at a single sitting about 10 15 pages Yet it is still uite accessible and any dedicated reader should be able to finish it Some parts of it were unknown to me and probably to most readers who are not from the involved countries Take the Paraguayan War as an The Unseen Wonder example it is in terms relative to the population the bloodiest war in contemporary history imagine a country wide version of the The War of the End of the World and yet it is a widely unknown corner of history If at least for the amount of historical andconomical issues touched inside these pages it is worth reading actually the chapter on the nature of international loans could had been The Management Bible easily written nowadays by just swapping the names of a few countries in for others in Europe The biggest issue with this book other than the tone that seemed to scare a few other reviewers is that I find the structure prone to repetition You can learn how tin wasxtracted from Bolivia s mines in what were Zu schnell essentially slavery conditions just to produce one of the top 10 tycoons in the world at the time Later you can learn how silver wasxtracted can you guess in which conditions or who got the lion s share of the profits That is indeed a problem with any kind of systematic Sleepless (Bird of Stone, exploration of these kind of issues What happened with the huge profits derived from natural resources in the continent Well we ve got to see one by one and a pattern clearlymerges and that is the linking thread of the book In resume Massive amounts of information here presented by someone who clearly knows how to write while ffortlessly crossing between topics and literary genres Take it with a bit of salt and you can get a lot out of it. Europe Weaving fact imagery into a rich tapestry he fuses scientific analysis with the passions of a plundered suffering people An immense gathering of materials is framed with a vigorous style that never falters in its command of themes All readers interested in great historical conomic political social writing will find a singular analytical achievement an overwhelming narrative that makes history speak unforgettab.
Labour and trade I have so much to read so much to learn As a side note on the afternoon that I finished reading this book I contacted a friend of mine in Canada The two of us did our graduate programs together I told him about the book told him to urgently read it when he finished his thesis told him how it changed my way of understanding Latin America and the place of underdeveloped regions in the world how it challenged some of the few remaining liberal lies that I had gestating in my brain I said to him also that this book convinced me than ver that free trade is a horrifying conomic policy and must be fought In this book I read about the horrid past of an Invisible (The Curse of Avalon entire continent and saw the future of my country It should be read byverybody It is urgent and necessary I read this book out of curiosity and interest in Latin America I was advised that it was just rant or left wing rant but decided to see for myself I came away with this as the main idea in Latin America free Yummy Supper enterprise is incompatible with civil liberties as Galeano says in his commentary on the book in an afterward The book catalogues thexploitation of the people usually the indigenous people by South American oligarchies and by their European and North American affiliatesIt s certainly been a controversial book First published in 1971 and often condemned and freuently banned in Latin America I doubt it s been on the radar in North American very long The current dition was published in 1997 with a foreward by Isabel Allende It s been in the news recently when President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela gave a copy to Obama and then when commentators speculated on whether or not he would read it Actually I hope he did My first impression was that Galeano s detractors were right the book was just rant Galeano is a journalist and he knows how to use words to move readers My impression was that very sentence in the first chapter had Deep Listening emotionally loaded words If his ideas hadn t piued my curiosity I might have put it down Ensuing chapters might come tomotionally loaded conclusions but the presentation of vidence was impressive I can t ndorse the ideas completely because I don t know Evolution, Me Other Freaks of Nature enough tovaluate verything he says but I was impressedGaleano s thesis is that the first the European conuerors Spain and Portugal later European business interests mainly the British and finally the US government and business have promised developmental assistance but delivered subservience largely by conomic means by keeping production costs low using raw materials and cheap labor from Latin American and then selling products for large profits Trajan even selling them back to Latin American countries at the same time as they prevent them from producing their own products In what seemed to me a telling comparison he contrasts conuistadors arriving in Latin American with thexpectation of taking riches home to Europe with settlers in New England fleeing Europe and determined to grow their food and make the products they need for themselves and to stay not seek treasure to bring home In what turned out to be an advantage for North America there was no gold or silver not Bunnys Book Club Goes to School even promising farms land so the British in comparison to the Iberians tended to ignore the colonies rather than plunder them In this idea Galeano reminds me of Fareed Zakaria s thesis in The Future of Freedom where hexplains that wealth in the form of natural resources is actually a deterrent to democracy because it leads to a ruling class that appropriates the resources and uses them to develop the country or to line their own pockets rather than depending on the population to supply funds for the government in the form of taxes Elections don t mean much if the people doing the lecting have no power And clearly immigration to America took a far different path in the North than in the South The result was the development of a growing middle class of local producers in North America something that didn t happen in most Latin American countries which developed local oligarchies who themselves continued to be xploited by powerful patrons Galeano s text is colorful and impressive Cherry Ingram even for someone like me for whom the names and historicalvents are not familiar He s a master at creating powerful and memorable phrases than sum up probably somewhat simplistically but I The Mermaids Shoes ended up thinking often right nonetheless the problem Underdevelopment in South America is a result of developmentlsewhere a Volkswagen Republic is much like a banana republic nationalization doesn t necessarily redistribute wealth Over and over again he talks about the wealth concentrated among an oligarchy and the widespread poverty at the bottom that has characterized many Latin American countries for centuries making it clear over and over again that the outposts pay the price for the wealth of the centers The centers were usually the ports that grew up to serve the Europeans and later North Americans who needed to ship the gold the silver the meat the rubber the bananas or whateverIt s Untameable Rogue (Bennett easy for a US citizen to agree with all the details aboutxploitation by Europeans harder to deal with xploitation by North Americans Legacy of Ashes The History of the CIA by Tim Weiner 2007 confirms US involvement in supporting the governments and business leaders that supported the US companies It struck me reading about the maneuverings of American companies that whether needing bananas or rubber or petroleum they were operating not all that differently from how we re discovering they operate at home and it s abundantly clear at this point that the US is moving toward something like the Latin American republics with wealth increasingly concentrated among the few while the middle class which nabled the US to be different from its Latin American neighbors is dwindling Power in the US is increasingly in the hands of corporations often multi nationals with loyalties primarily to their own interests which may or may not be the people of the United States But perhaps I push this too far I have to note that Galeano as many other Latin Americans deplores the fact that the US has Midsummer Masque even co opted the name America I had a hard time avoiding it in this review Bottom line This is a highlymotional book but the logic and the Maybe This Time (Belonging evidence is uite definitely not lacking I tend to compare him to Michael Moore who goes after public attention withmotionally charged rhetoric but backs it up with facts and details that prove the need for drawing attention to the issue I cannot Effetto domino evaluate the detail and no doubt Galeanoxaggerates and rants but it s still a compelling book that s worth the attention of a thinking person This is an agonizingly lucid account of the of colonisation and depredation of a continent Beginning with the continuing genocide of the native population seguing into the advent of slavery and its replacement with hunger wages for the same back breaking or in the case of the mines lung destroying work as the slaves were forced to carry out and concluding with the neocolonial The Midwifes Miracle Baby extraction of Latin American resources by the USA and Europe whatever Latin America makes he argues its mainxport is cheap labour Corporate vampires and their helpers the US government local dictators the IMF and World Bank are thoroughly indicted Galeano also takes care to mention the many uprisings and resistance fighters and the violence they were met with and also success stories like Cuba Essential readingThere are always politicians and technocrats ready to show that the invasion of industrialising foreign capital benefits the area invaded In this version the new model imperialism comes on a geuinely civilizing mission is a blessing to the dominated countries and the true love declarations by the dominant power of the moment are its real intentions Guilty consciences are ths relieved of the need for alibis for no one is guilty today s imperialism radiates techology and progress and Mendozas Miracle even the use of this. History according to the patterns of five centuries ofxploitation Thus he's concerned with gold silver cacao cotton rubber coffee fruit hides wool petroleum iron nickel manganese copper aluminum ore nitrates tin These are the veins which he traces thru the body of the The Millionaires Mistress Bundle entire continent up to the Rio Grande throughout the Caribbean all the way to their opennds where they mpty into the coffers of wealth in the USA.
Eduardo Galeano was a Uruguayan journalist writer and novelist His best known works are Memoria del fuego Memory of Fire Trilogy 1986 and Las venas abiertas de América Latina Open Veins of Latin America 1971 which have been translated into twenty languages and transcend orthodox genres combining fiction journalism political analysis and history The author himself has proclaimed his ob