Joseph E. LeDoux: Synaptic Self How Our Brains Become Who We Are



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N a real uman brain Oltre i confini del cuore however is nothing short of dazzlingI particularly found the chapter on mental illnesses to be informative There s a fashionable backlash these days against the over medication of America that isn t wholly unjustified LeDoux admits that drugs which act on large areas of the brain as today s drugs do are not able to precisely target the intended brain systems and so cause many unpleasant side effects But the entire book adds up to a solid defense of the principle that drugs are a legitimate approach to dealing with mental illness If our memories attitudes behaviors and so on are all tied to synaptic activity and synaptic activity is electro chemical in nature then it stands to reason that chemicals can be used to change the mind in beneficial ways This book is very logical and scientific particularly in its acknowledgment that much remains unknown and that many conclusions cannot be applied universally There are freuent references to ongoing experiments and studies testing new dogma and exploring long standing uestions Some of those uestions may even be answered by now but the sheer number of them means that exciting research will no doubt continue for a very long time It s that sense of excitement as we discover and aboutow we tick that animates the book even in the midst of dense technical vocabulary I m sometimes told that the popular science books I read don t do an adeuate job of relaying the true scientific underbelly of the subject being talked about That everything is being dumbed down and simplified to reach a wider audience and keep things interesting While there are certainly elements of truth in that philosophy I think that s being unfair to many of books that really do a fantastic job of introducing people to these concepts without forcing them to be an expert I say all that to preface the fact that this is NOT one of those booksSynaptic Self while almost certianly a simplified version of what Ledoux understands about the field is not for the lay reader Ledoux talks about neurons action potentials neurotransmitters and neuromodulation different areas and structures in the brain synaptic plasticity etcand while Masterpiece he describes difficult concepts in detail and uses drawings when applicable if youave no familiarity with the brain or the nervous system coming in I can imagine getting less than intended out of this bookor alternatively it might force you to do side research on your own and be an incredibly valuable learning experience If you ve read Pinker s How the Mind Works imagine a neuroscientific explanation of much of the material covered in that book Early on Ledoux makes the following statement My notion of personality is pretty simple it s that your self the essence of who you are reflects patterns of interconnectivity between neurons in your brain Connections between neurons known as synapses are the main channels of information flow and storage in the brain Most of what the brain does is accomplished by synaptic transmission between neurons and by calling upon the information encoded by past transmission across synapsesThe rest of the book proceeds to delve into the mechanics of this He splits the brain up into three main systemscognition emotion motivation describing The Reality Creation Technique how each of them work and then explainingow they all work togetherthough Flirtation (Shifters Forever After, he uses these three as a simple distinction and doesn t argue there are just three physical systems within the brain But while there is some serious neuroscience content inere Ledoux does a respectable job of zooming in and out and speaking at whatever level is appropriate to get What She Wanted his point across Understanding the self is than just understanding neurons it s understanding systems of neurons and understandingow the functioning of those systems translates into behavior thoughts and emotions Ledoux integrates both psychology and philosophy into the conversation where applicable and The Uninvited has a great natural ability toelp the reader make sense of the difficult issues More than anything though Ledoux s main point is that many of the Ars poetica historical arguments about nature vs nurture are all asking the wrong uestion It s obvious that both are right but what is important to remember is that underlying instinct memory thought emotion learning behavioral change etcare the synaptic connections in the brain and the synaptic changes that occur throughout life And that if we want to understandow the brain works and Decoding Air Travel how we become who we are we need to understandow these connections are formed and ow they can be changed. Sence of personality enabling each of us to function as a distinctive integrated individual from moment to moment Exploring the functioning of memory the synaptic basis of mental illness and drug addiction and the mechanism of self awareness Synaptic Self is a provocative and mind expanding work that is destined to become a classi.

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How our brains are connected Circuitry is important than the theory of chemicalneurotransmitter balance Although LeDoux points to the importance of neurotransmitters in modulating synaptic transmission e thinks that the overall connectivity of circuits is important At least that s what I got from the bookI Keys to the Ultimate Freedom have to admit to skimming through some parts that were a little above myead but much of it is perfectly understandable to laypeople or people in the medical profession LeDoux points to the research done so far on the brain and adds to the Hollands Grimoire of Magickal Correspondences historical knowledgeis own research He works mainly on the workings of the brain in the presence of fear and states of anxiety and قصه‌های خوب برای بچه‌های خوب --- ۶ his findings are based on this research Iad a little trouble reading about the various ways that scientists discover things about the brain Much of the research is done through animal studies and often involves destroying parts of the brain to see what Resilient happens or many times through learning and conditioning Monkey and rat research is used mainly and if you are anti animal research you ll find itard to read about that aspect of the work Being a person who as dealt with anxiety and depression as well as chronic low self esteem this book ad much that interested me I knew before this that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and biofeedback worked for me as well as SSRIs Now I know why I also feel a sense of optimism that I really can change my thinking patterns with some Grumpy, Frumpy, Happy, Snappy A Silly Monster Opposites Book hard work The brain learns things and it can beard to unlearn those patterns But the brilliant thing is that the brain wants to learn so creating new patterns is relatively easy with persistence This is why I feel that meditation yoga and overall stress reduction is going to be very important to my overall mental ealth Psychology and neuroscience are really trying to accomplish the same thingHere s just a snippet of the amazing things e talks about it one section paraphrased Tug Hill Country hereThere s a two regions of yourippocampus called the CA3 region and the dentate gyrus The Dragon Ball Anime Comics, Vol. 2 hippocampus is known toelp with learning and memory processing When there are elevated cortisol levels as in Cushing s disease or in chronic anxiety or depressive states the cells of the CA3 region actually degenerate and die The cells in the dentate gyrus normally What Well Leave Behind (Thirty-Eight, haveigh rates of neurogenesis or growth of new cells which may be key in the forming of new memories or learning In the presence of Thirty-Eight Days (Thirty-Eight, high cortisol these cells do not regenerate The brains of people withigh cortisol 8 1/2 have smaller than averageippocampus regions With therapy or drugs these regions typically grow again LeDoux also points Health and Healing for African-Americans here to the work of Mark Sopolosky who wrote the book Why zebras don t get ulcers which is on my reading listLeDoux points out that we learn explicitly and implicitly that is consciously and unconsciously While we may not be able to control the implicit learning we certainly canave an effect by purposely thinking in certain ways a la cognitive behavioral therapy So positive thinking isn t just some Garden of Snakes (House of Royals hippie guru panacea it makes real scientific sense AwesomeMy next book is going to be a book on optimism by Michael J Fox because I d like to read positive things right now A wildly educational popular ISH science book for those somewhere between novice and veteran in the field of neuroscience basic understanding of psychology and chemistrybiology recommended LeDoux adeptly and thoroughly covers basics of neuroscience and brain anatomy before exploring both the extremely micro synaptic level and the fairly macro applications to theories of consciousness and self identity Whilee is noticeably stronger in the rigorous scientific aspects of the topic the broader speculations are still great food for thought The book is well written and not overly dense though I m New Testament Apocalyptic hesitant to call it popular science as it s not exactly simplified either I m not afraid to say that parts of this book were very complicated In some of the middle chapters all I could really comprehend was that there sure was a lot of advanced chemistry going on between brain cells Chemistry was never my best subjectBut the book s central point is very well presented everything about ourselves is a conseuence ofow our brains are put together and 隠れていた宇宙 [Kakurete Ita Uchū] 2 how our brains are put together is a conseuence of the genes we start with and the fine details of our environment This fits with what Iave come to believe the nature of the mind and the soul to be so I took to the thesis The Sorcerers Soul heartily The complexity involved in manifesting that principle Examination of the biological bases of our emotions and memories Now the world renowned expert on the brainas produced with a groundbreaking work that tells a profound story ow the little spaces between the neurons the brain's synapses are the channels through which we think act imagine feel and remember Synapses encode the es.

An enormous snooze fest My dissertation research is essentially about what makes us who we are so I was really looking forward to reading this book LeDoux left whole bodies of research regarding early life experience and ow it influences later emotionality and the brain completely untapped It was like a textbook with related chapters but nothing that connected it all together into a coherent view point Super disappointing A wealth of information about the brain and the way that it communicates The main focus of the book is the synaptic connections within the brain The most interesting chapters for me were The Most Unaccountable of Machinery Building the Brain The Emotional Brain Revisited and Synaptic Sickness I thoroughly enjoyed the description of Satans Mistress how the brain is built whilst the baby is developing and further on as it grows into an adult The beginning chapters were essential in order to get an understanding of the basics of neuroscience My favorite chapter was the Synaptic Sickness chapter as it deals with psychological problems due to chemical imbalances between synapses beautifully My only ualms with the book are that it is full of the latest speculation Many theories are examined fully and most of them are unproven andave many counter theories vying for supremacy In conclusion not much is known about the mysterious space between our neurons deemed synapses and this book is proof of that lack of knowledge However I am grateful for whatever is available to us about the latest developments in this intriguing branch of knowledge and I am much richer in What My Mother and I Dont Talk About having read this rather thanaving skipped it Cutting edge in the field of applied neurobiology to psychological emotional development and the role of synapses in the brain specifically There is a bunch of Brain Based Learning BBL in the K 12 classrooms and not all of it is likely good by way of any grounding in scientific data Still the idea of teaching to the brain Tagus the Night Horse (Beast Quest, has takenold I used this as a text when it came co teaching an advanced Cognition and Learning class with a SPED professor back when I was an ED prof myself Joseph Ledoux is uite a character with a synthetic mind and an imaginative descriptor of brain workings and is also a musician who plays in a NYC band when not teaching at NYU I also Love Beyond Limits (Among the Fair Magnolias) heardim at a conference on the brain and education and Inochi The Book of Life he was fantastic While enjoyedis work immensely without some background in basic brain neurology though it was difficult for a cohort of mostly principals aiming for superintendency jobs to get through and absorb One great review of the class said Ledoux LeDon t Loved that This book introduces the idea that we meaning our memory is stored in the strength of our synaptic connectionsThe author is too verbose to suit me but that may just reflect my previous readingsBailed Gol Atan Kaleye half way through Basically I wasoping for something a bit lighter And I was disappointed to read about all the testing on animals I like reading about science and the brain but this book was difficult to slog through It got technical uickly with chemicals and pathways given throughout the book I learned a lot but was very discouraged that neuroscience studies involve conducting research on animals The author often referenced The Age of Disruption how one result was found after putting lesions in mice brains or a drug was found after locking up monkeys in cages to make them aggressive and anxious Reading this led me to learn about US experimentation on chimpanzees which I find really upsetting I can t believe our country stillasn t passed legislation to totally ban research on chimps I would put this book into the category of interesting but not fun to read Why Because I m interested in all that cool new neuroscience research but I really ad to force myself through some of this It is very technical and although it as the appearance of being accessible to the layperson it truly is not I Freshman Scandal (Freshman Dorm, have a little background in brain physiology but still found myselfaving to reread paragraphs and passages to clarify what LeDoux was talking about The diagrams didn t seem to elp much either On the upside of things the chapters on the emotional brain were a little easier to get through In the end I m not even sure I read the whole book because I ended up skipping around until I found something interesting and understandable Either I need neuroscience classes or LeDoux needs to dumb it down to make it accessible to the non scientists among us In simple terms this book by neuroscientist LeDoux states that we are who we are because of. Following up is 1996 The Emotional Brain the world renowned brain expert presents a groundbreaking work that tells a profound story ow the little spaces between the neurons the brain's synapses are the channels through which we think feel imagine act and remember In 1996 Joseph LeDoux's The Emotional Brain presented a revelatory.